The Syllable Series Part 2: The VCe Syllable
Wednesday, July 1, 2015
Welcome back everyone! This is part two in my six part syllable series. If you missed part one, click here. In order to follow along with this series. please download this chart I created on the six syllable types by clicking here. It spells out CLOVER. Each letter in CLOVER stands for a syllable type, but is not taught in that order. Did you grab your copy yet? Then let's proceed!
My journey as an Orton-Gillingham teacher has made me a total word nerd. Can all the word nerds reading this give me a virtual high five? I am thirsty to know the origins of words. If my husband wants to know what to get me for my birthday, I may suggest a nice book on etymology. Are you feeling me on this one? (feeling- mid 15th century) I feel it necessary to give a little morphology background as we proceed deeper into the syllable types. Once you gain a deeper understanding, we can pass this knowledge along to our kids, who by the way, LOVE knowing the history behind words. Trust me. They will eat it up.
Back It Up
I'd like to backtrack a teensy bit and ask you a question. Do your students know what a syllable is? If you're taking the time to teach them the types, you'll want to make sure they have a good working definition that they can recite it back verbatim.
Here we go: A syllable is a word, or a word part with at least one talking vowel. (If it doesn't have a vowel, then it isn't a syllable.) Make sure your kiddos learn that definition inside and out. You can even add hand motions. For instance, when they say at least one taking vowel, have them open and close their hand as if in a talking motion, or pretending your hand is a quacking duck. Looking for a mini poster of this definition and all the syllable types? Click here.
Why do we have a silent e?
Making a long story very short, most words with silent e either came from words that used to have it pronounced but became silent. This happened in late middle English and early Modern English. Another large group of words have the silent e to represent a change in the shift from short to long sounds. Many people call it the 'Magic E' effect. We have a silent e as one of the many wonderful ways to use the five Latin vowels. Read more about the history of silent e here.
What is the VCe syllable?
The VCe syllable type, or vowel-consonant-E syllable type, is a syllable where the first vowel is long and the final vowel, e, is silent. It is commonly taught after you have taught closed syllables.
How do I teach it?
I introduce one VCe phonogram at a time as a large unit, and then a cumulative review. I start with a-e, then o-e, i-e, u-e, and e-e. The length of time you spend on each one is really going to depend on your students. I usually will begin with having children trace a-e in the sand and say, "a consonant e-ape-a(saying long a)." We'll do that several times in the sand. If you don't have sand trays, I highly recommend using them.
I like using these folding VCe cards to demonstrate the difference between a closed syllable and a VCe syllable. I am careful to point out that most of the time, they are two different words with different meanings. See examples below.
online, etymology dictionary and you may be able to trace the steps back to when and how a particular word's spelling changed over time. For instance, bake came from bakan, time came from tima, and huge came from the old French version, ahuge. When working with younger children, I would recommend spending more time with the decoding and encoding of VCe words and just have a little etymology time. It's appropriate and engaging to spend more time on the etymology end with older children.
After my intro, we will spend a great deal of time sorting between short and long a words (both picture sorts and word sorts), using magnetic letters, dictation, and actually reading controlled text with lots of VCe words. Most importantly, play games. Matching games like concentration, and games which involve spelling practice are great choice. The key point I wish to make with this syllable type is to continue multi-sensory instruction and oral, repeated practice.
Use a three step process whenever children are asked to spell a word during a game or dictation:
Step 1: Student says the word out loud. (auditory)
Step 2: Student spells the word out loud as they write it. (visual, auditory, kinesthetic)
Step 3: Student reads the word out loud. (visual, auditory)
Where can I find out more?
The photos above are taken of materials I have created for teaching VCe and use with my students. Click here to find VCe materials.
Still wondering why multisensory instruction is SO important? Read here.
Do you have a practical way to teach this syllable type? I'd love to hear about it in the comments below! Please be sure to sign up to receive my monthly newsletter by email. You can sign up in the right sidebar of this blog. Thank you!
Looking for materials to support multisensory instruction? Find them in my store here.
Join me next time for part three in this series: The R-Controlled Vowel syllable type
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