Hi everyone! I’m starting a six part series on teaching the six syllable types. Today I’m going to start with one of the easiest types to teach, the closed syllable. If you follow this series, you’ll want a copy of CLOVER, an acronym for the six syllable types. The syllable types are not introduced to students in the order of the letters in the word, clover. Download it from my store here.
Why teach syllables?
I’ve had teachers approach me over the years wondering why we should teach syllables to children. Let me start by relating a quick story. I have three small children at home. Things wind up in the most haphazard places in my house pretty much every day. It’s enough to drive you a little bonkers sometimes. So, the other day I looked into my dishwasher basket and there was a pink Mr. Potato Head ear just hanging out at the bottom of the basket. Talk about random! I have no idea how it got there, but I DO know three little people who are fascinated with the inner workings of a dishwasher.
Why the story about the Mr. Potato Head ear when we’re talking about syllables?
Children just learning how to read or struggling to learn how to read (whether they have a reading disability like dyslexia or not), need a structured, meaning based approach when learning how to decode and encode. Without thoughtful and explicit phonics instruction, there is too great a likelihood for error. Knowledge of spelling becomes haphazard and the rules and meanings behind these rules are either unknown or not committed to long term memory. We wind up with kiddos making random errors in decoding and encoding, much like that pink, plastic ear winding up in my dishwasher basket instead of on the brown, plastic potato head. My point? Your students will become much more efficient readers and spellers when they learn the syllable types. It will also help them become effective when decoding and spelling multisyllabic words as they get older and encounter more challenging text. You are building a strong reading foundation when you teach syllables.
What is a closed syllable?
We can create tons of words with closed syllables, so starting with this type is the simplest one to teach kids. A closed syllable has a vowel and then consonant(s) after it. In the word ‘cat’ we have the short vowel a and the c and the t closing it in on either side, or in the case of the syllable ‘in’, just the n is closing it in. Closed syllables USUALLY have a short vowel. (with the exception of a few spelling patterns like -ind, -old, -ild, and -ost)
Examples of closed syllables: cat, bed, run, fit, mom, in, im,
How do I teach it?
I like to use a picture of a double door. You can also take a piece of card stock and fold it either side, leaving some space in the middle. After I tell children what a closed syllable is. I have them practice with the door. We put a vowel in the middle and then add consonants on both doors to close the vowel in. You can write the consonants and the vowels on the those little baby sticky notes. I keep about a gajillion packs of them on hand. They’re quick, easy and you have a million uses in word study. The act of manipulating the double doors to close in the vowel helps commit the idea of what a closed syllable is.
How do I practice closed syllables?
Keep your activities multisensory. This means engaging at least 3 senses within an activity to build a strong connection in the brain. Aim for visual, auditory and kinesthetic. An added bonus is tactile. Tapping out sounds, sliding plastic counters into Elkonin boxes, tracing in sand, sky writing, and magnetic letters are all ways you can create a multi-sensory learning experience. Just be sure children are vocalizing sounds and letters during all of these activities. They are seeing it, hearing it, touching it and/or writing it, every time.
Still wondering why multisensory instruction is SO important? Read here.
Do you have a fun way to teach closed syllables? I‘d love to hear about it in the comments below! Please be sure to sign up to receive my monthly newsletter by email. You can sign up in the right sidebar of this blog. Thank you!
Read the whole the Six Syllable Types Blog series.
For teaching materials to teach the syllable types, look here.
Looking for materials to support multisensory instruction? Find them in my store here.
Join me next time for part two in this series: The VCe syllable type